PUBLICATION ETHICS AND PUBLICATION MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
LAUTECH Journal of Civil and Environmental Studies (LAUJOCES) upholds high ethics of publication and therefore expects authors, reviewers and editors to follow the best-practice guidelines on ethical behaviour as presented below.
Responsibilities of Editors:
Editorial independence and fairness
All submitted manuscripts are exclusively evaluated by editors on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation notwithstanding. Final decisions to edit and publish are not directly dependent on the policies of governments or any other agencies/bodies apart from the journal. The Editor-in-Chief has full total charge over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content, in line with the journal’s policies.Confidentiality
The disclosure of information about a submitted manuscript by the editors and editorial staff shall be exclusively to the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.Handling manuscripts with editors’ conflicts of interest
On no account shall the Editors and editorial board members use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes, a strong exception shall be with the authors’ explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. If there are certain manuscripts in which editors have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the papers; editors shall recuse themselves from such and instead, ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.Decisions on Publication
It is the duty of editors to ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication are within the scope of the journal, and that they undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field of the article. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments. He/She also ensures that legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism are enforced. The Editor-in-Chief may wish to confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.Involvement and cooperation in investigations
Whenever ethical concerns are raised regarding a submitted manuscript or published paper, the editors (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) shall take responsive measures. Every reported act of unethical publishing behaviour will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. LAUJOCES editors follow the COPE Flowcharts when dealing with cases of suspected misconduct. If, on investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as may be required will be published in the journal.
Responsibilities of Reviewers:
Contribution to editorial decisions
The process of peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication and lies at the heart of scientific endeavour. LAUJOCES shares the view of many that all scholars who wish to contribute to the scientific process have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing. As a result, all our reviewers are Ph.D. holders in various specializations of civil engineering and related fields of science, engineering and environmental studies.Promptness
At any given time, any invited reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript, maybe as a result of field divergence or conflicts of interest, or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.Confidentiality
Whenever any manuscript is received for review, it should be treated as a confidential document and must be handled as such. Manuscripts must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the Editor-in-Chief (who would only do so under exceptional and specific circumstances). This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate and not tolerated. Reviewers should concentrate their decisions on the merits of individual articles.Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that have not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Any invited reviewer who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.
Responsibilities of Authors:
All authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Review articles should be accurate, objective and comprehensive, while editorial opinion or perspective pieces should be clearly identified as such. Fraudulent or inaccurate statements, knowingly or unknowingly, constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable to the journal. The report of the manuscript must conform directly and wholly to the format style standard and language of the LAUJOCES.Data access and retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data centre), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be guaranteed to be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.Originality and plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written and submitted only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off"someone elsepaper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another person’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable to LAUJOCES.Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/publication
Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable.Authorship of the manuscript
In all cases, only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content by having carried out the following:
(i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and
(ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and
(iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication.
All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgments" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the authors’ list and verify that all co-authors have seen and approved of the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Authors should - at the earliest stage possible (generally by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript) - disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers’ bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, as well as non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the work should be disclosed (including the grant number or other reference number if any).Acknowledgement of sources
Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Authors should not use information obtained in the course of providing confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, unless they have obtained the explicit written permission of the author(s) of the work involved in these services.Hazards and human or animal subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that ethical consents on all procedures used were obtained and performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.Peer review
Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a "revision necessary" for first decision on the manuscript, authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.Fundamental errors in published works
When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or to retract the paper. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors’ obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the paper. For guidelines on retracting or correcting articles, please click here:https://www.elsevier.com/about/company-information/policies/article-withdrawal.
Responsibilities of the PublisherHandling of unethical publishing behaviour
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to give the necessary verdicts. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work. The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.Access to journal content
The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive. All the LAUJOCES published papers are assigned unique Digital Object Identification (DOI) number, making their accessibility possible with ease.