Biomass Gasification Potential in Nigeria: A Review
1Babatunde, K. A. Agbede, 2O. O, Olateju, I. I, 1Bamidele, S. D, 3Osuolale, O. M. and 1Osuolale, F. N.
1Department of Chemical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
3Department of Civil Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
Corresponding E-mail: email@example.com
Nigeria is blessed with abundant biomass throughout her six geo-political zones. However, biomass energy is largely used in the rural areas mainly for off grid purposes. The method of such biomass conversion is based on traditional combustion process which is grossly inefficient with attendance environmental implications. This paper addresses the use of gasification technology for the conversion of biomass to high value fuel. It presents biomass gasification as a solution to the menace of inadequate power generation, dependence on fossil fuel, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and inappropriate disposal of wastes. The paper also highlights the need for focus to be shifted to other means of renewable energy in the country rather than hydropower and bioethanol on which the energy policy in the country is concentrated on.
Keywords: biomass, gasification, renewable energy, biofuel.