Evaluation of Infiltration Rate of Landmark University Soils, Omu-Aran, Nigeria
1Elemile, O. O., 1Ibitoye, O. O., 2Folorunso, O. P. and 1Ibitogbe E. M.
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara, Nigeria
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria.
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The processing of adequate information of characteristics of soils is essential for designing quality soil management and construction practices on agricultural and urban lands. Little is known about the infiltration capacity of soils in institutions of higher learning, this study therefore evaluated the infiltration capacity of soils in the Landmark University, Omu-Aran. The double ring infiltrometer with an inner ring of 30 cm and a 50 cm diameter outer ring with a height of 30 cm above the ground was used to test infiltration rates at two sites, namely the University of Omu-Aran’s orchard area (OA) and the new college building area (NCBA). Six points labelled (A, B, C, D, E and F) were identified at 10 m grid intervals at which infiltration rates were determined using a 30 cm inner ring double ring infiltrometer and a 30 cm height outer ring. Results of soil analysis suggests sand dirty and silt texture and bulk density and particle density varied from 2.54–3.03 g/cm3 and 1.31–1.52 g/cm3 respectively. The infiltration rates ranged between 0.007 to 0.011 cm/sec with a mean of 0.009cm/sec in orchard area (OA) and 0.011 to 0.035 cm/sec with a mean value of 0.021 cm/sec in NCBA indicating a significant difference at both locations. The infiltration rate of soils at the OA is very low compare to that of NCBA therefore the OA is more prone to flooding. Effective drainage control system is recommended along the orchard area to prevent flooding.
Keywords: Infiltration rate, double ring infiltrometer, Landmark University Omu-Aran